Rabbits may be small but they have special requirements, different from other traditional pets we are used to. So anyone who is thinking of getting a rabbit as a pet should learn proper rabbit care before making a decision. To get you started, here are some things you should learn:
Cage- Ideally, your rabbit's cage should be at least 4 times larger than your rabbit, but bigger is always better especially if it will spend most of its time inside the cage. The cage's floor should be solid. Many rabbit cages are still made with wire floors with pull out pans underneath because it can be cleaned easily, but cages of this type are uncomfortable and my cause sores. If the cage you have has a wire floor, cover it with sisal mats, grass or a piece of wood.
Diet- Make sure that you have an unlimited supply of grass hay, such as brome or timothy. As a primary component of a rabbit's diet, grass hay ensures that the rabbit's intestinal tract is kept clean. You also need a supply of quality rabbit pellets. Younger rabbits (under 6 months old) should eat pellets that contain at least 18% fiber and 15% to 19% protein. Collard greens, carrots tops, lettuces, turnip greens and other dark leafy vegetables should be the third component of your rabbit's diet. At least 2 cups of leaves should be given for 6 pounds of rabbit. Fresh, clean water should be available at all times.
Litter Training- Rabbits tend to litter in one portion of it's cage. Once your pet makes up it's mind, fill it with pelleted-newspaper litter or timothy hay. The litter box should be changed daily to keep the cage as clean and as odorless as possible.
Cleaning- Clean your rabbit's cage at least once a week. Place your pet inside an alternate cage or somewhere safe around your house. Sweep the floor to remove any solid debris. Use soap and warm water when scrubbing the cage's floor.
Handling- Rabbit injury is caused by improper handling. Do not pick up the rabbit from it's ears. Handle the rabbit carefully using one hand to support it's front legs and the other hand to support it's hind legs.
Rabbit supply- Any rabbit owner must have the following: cage, pelleted bedding or litter box, carrier, hay rack and grass hay, grooming brush, quality rabbit pellets, safe chew toys, digging box, water and food bowl (preferably ceramic).