Horses had been domesticated for centuries because of its endurance. Most of the times, they are seen pulling carts, carriages, carrying heavy loads, and in horseback riding sports. Today, horses can be seen mostly in farms as a pet and as a helper. Also, a pet horse could be very helpful when you want to go for an adventure on the countryside.
Like any other pets, horses require special needs that require human hands to be fulfilled. Below are some tips on how to take care of your horse:
Horses are one of the animals that are not very difficult to feed. They can graze on the pasture or can be given fresh grass and vegetables when kept in the stables. You may also give hay occasionally. Moreover, they need lots of fresh water. This is especially true to horses that undergo lots of training, work, or running.
In order to keep your horse’s optimal health, you should give vaccines that would protect it from diseases, vitamins and medications. Most of the time, these medications are administered via injection. Of course, this requires help from your veterinarian. However, there are times that you are urged to give the injections yourself, especially in emergency situations. That’s why good owners should acquire knowledge and skills on this matter.
Grooming enhances the horse’s skin and prevents development of crusts, skin flaking, and other skin diseases. You may use a garden hose or a sponge and a bucket of water in bathing your horse. Horses may not like bathing for the first tries, but you should train them to get used to it. Also use shampoos that are antibacterial and could enhance the beauty of their tail and mane.
The most important parts of the horse that should be groomed would be its tail, mane and hoofs. The tail and mane are considered the horse’s crowning glory, as it is to humans. The hoofs should also be checked daily, and should have fitted horseshoes. The hoofs should be trimmed, picked out to remove rocks, mud, etc., dressed, and polished.
We should also take care of the horses face, neck, shoulders, body and legs. Constant brushing of the body would prevent ticks and flies. Medicated products could also be used to address this problem.
Horses should be kept in stables. This will protect them from the heat, the cold, and from predators. Keep the stables clean, dry and well ventilated. Clean the water buckets and the stock tanks with a handled brush. Sweep the floors or use a power blower to clean the aisles, but let your horse out first before doing this. Also, provide your horse with comfortable and easy-to-clean bedding. Stall mats may be used in that case.
Lastly, don’t forget to give your horse physical activities that will strengthen their muscles and bones. You don’t want your horse to end up being fat and lame, which predisposes it to many diseases. Guide your horse in stretching its neck and legs before the running activities. Common exercises include walking, running, and riding. Also, don’t forget to let your horse run free in an enclosure at times. This activity let the horse experience much freedom, compared to the guided exercises. This will also prevent the horse from developing undesirable and non-reactive behaviors.