Neutering or castration is a surgical procedure done to remove the dog’s testicles. It is an operation that uses a general anesthesia so your dog will feel relaxed and comfortable during the surgery.
As the owner of the dog, you must aid in the maximum recovery of your pet and prevent occurence of infection. To do this, you must provide special care to your dog by remembering some of the tips listed below.
First, before you bring your dog home, make sure that his bedding or sleeping area is clean. You should provide freshly washed blanket and disinfect the area with antibacterial sprays. By doing this, you minimize the number of bacteria in his den, thus, avoiding infection.
Clean the food and water container by washing them with water and a disinfectant. Provide food that is high in protein and vitamin C. Protein aids in tissue repair and vitamin C boosts the immune system. You may seek advice from your veterinarian on what food is best given to your dog during this time.
When you arrive at the clinic to get your dog to be taken home, you must take note of the veterinarian’s instructions about the medications to be bought and to be given. Remember the dosage and timing for each medication. You should also ask your vet on how to store and administer the medicines, as some require special methods. Also, label the medicines properly to avoid confusion that might result to under dosage or over dosage.
You must remember that for the first hours after surgery, the dog may experience grogginess, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, irritability, and lack of balance. This is brought about by the anesthesia given to the dog during surgery. With this knowledge, you will know what you should do and the activities that the dog should avoid.
When the dog arrives home, place him comfortably in his clean and prepared bed. Instruct children or other members of the family to avoid pestering him, especially on the first hours. Offer a little amount of water. Your dog will surely be thirsty from the surgery but you should guide him to drink slowly to avoid vomiting. Also, give him only a small amount of food because of the same reason as mentioned above.
Check the wound site and stitches at lest twice a day. Keep it clean and dry. Perform wound dressing as directed by the veterinarian, using the advised materials like antiseptic, gauze, etc.
Limit the dog’s activities. Nevertheless, you should let him take short walks when he is already able. This will aid in the good blood circulation and hastens the recovery.
Watch out for signs of wound infection like foul odor, swelling, redness and pus formation. If any of these occur, take your dog to the veterinarian immediately for proper management.
Do not let your dog take a bath or swim for the first ten days after the surgery. You must remember to keep the wound dry and clean always. Water is a good medium for bacterial growth so swimming should be avoided.
Lastly, keep the Elizabeth collar (cone) on until the wound is completely healed. This will help in the recovery process by preventing your dog to lick his wound, which may cause infection or damage the stitches.