Dog Breed Types

There are 8 dog breed types or groups recognized by the American Kennel Club with a total of some 150 breeds. These different dog breeds have different qualities and traits that are important to owners. You can learn about what dog breed is right for you if you have a basic knowledge about different dog breeds.

Golden Retriever Sporting Breeds

This dog breed type is especially suited for participating in sporting activities. These dogs are aware of their surroundings, will remain on watch under your command and are ready for action in water and forested areas depending on the breed. This spirited dog also requires regular exercise for optimum health. Members include retrievers, setters, spaniels and pointers.

Hound Breeds

The baying of hounds is a phrase that has been found in literature for ages and this is because the sound produced by a baying hound is remarkable. Most hounds have a history of participating in the hunt. Hounds from around the world participe in this group. Examples of this dog breed type include Beagles, Afghans, Bloodhounds, English Foxhound, Greyhounds, Irish Wolfhound, Whippet and many other dog breeds. These dogs are known for their relentlessness in gaining their prey and for their scent capabilities.

Alaskan Malamute Working Breeds

These large and strong dogs can work and gain their keep by performing tasks such as guarding property and people, pulling sleds and performing snow and water rescues. They have a history of working with man in these capacities. These dogs are intelligent and are capable of assessing situations and acting on their assessments as a part of their expected work performance. Their size and intelligence requires that workings dogs have assigned tasks and can receive thorough training. Dogs of this type include Alaskan Malamute, Boxer, Doberman Pinscher, Great Dane, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard, Siberian Huskey and others.

Terrier Group

The lively terrier needs an owner with a similar temperament because this dog is always ready for action. Bred for hunting and killing vermin, the terrier does not want any other dog or animal competition in the house and will have to be able to integrate into a household with pets carefully so that everyone is happy. These energetic dogs have special coat care requirements. Examples of this dog breed type include Bull Terrier, Irish terriers, Norfolk terriers, Miniature Schnauzer and, the largest of them all, the Airedale Terrier.

Shih Tzu Toy Breeds

These dogs are bred for their fine qualities as companions and are popular because the greater ease that comes with caring and training for a smaller dog than that of a large dog. These dogs are valued for their appealing looks and for the love that they provide to their owners. Examples of toy breeds include the Chihuahua, Maltese, Miniature Pinscher, Pomeranian, Poodle and Shih Tzu.

Non-Sporting Breeds

There is more diversity in this group of dog breeds than in the other breed groups and these differences include qualities, care, size, coat, appearance and temperament. The bulldog, Finnish spitz, poodle and the Tibetan spaniel are examples of some of the dogs in this group.

Border Collie Pup Herding Breeds

These intelligent companion dogs have been used historically as herding dogs that are able to control the movements of cows, goats and sheep. When a herding dog is a family member, it may steer family members in the directions that it thinks is best as a part of its daily activities. Members of the herding breed include the Australian Shepherd, Border Collie, Cardigan Welsh Corgi, German Shepherd Dog, Old English Sheepdog, Pembroke Welsh Corgi and Shetland Sheepdog to name a few.

Miscellaneous Breeds

The Miscellaneous group is for new dog breeds which have a "substantial, nationwide sustained interest" from breeders. An important element in this interest is "an active parent club, with serious and expanding breeding activity over a wide geographic area." It is the last step before entering a regular breed group. Dogs in this group presently include the Bluetick Coonhound, Cesky Terrier, Icelandic Sheepdog, Norwegian Buhund, Norwegian Lundehund, Pyrenean Shepherd, Redbone Coonhound and Redbone Coonhound.

Understanding the dog breed types is helpful for making a more informed decision concerning which breed to acquire.

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